مقایسه علل تجرد و تاخیر ازدواج در میان دانشجویان دختر و پسر با تأکید بر سبک‌های دلبستگی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه روانشناسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی سلامت، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کرج، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر مقایسه علل تجرد و تاخیر ازدواج در میان دانشجویان دختر و پسر با تاکید بر سبک های دلبستگی است. طرح پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی و همچنین از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل تمامی دانشجویان مجرد دانشگاه های دولتی و غیردولتی شهر تهران که در سال تحصیلی 1395- 1396 مشغول تحصیل می‌باشند که با استفاده از شیوه ی نمونه گیری خوشه ای 300 نفر انتخاب شدند (150 نفر دختر- 150 نفر پسر). ابزارهای پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه های رغبت سنج ازدواج (پرساد)، دلبستگی کولینز و رید برای بررسی علل تجرد و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته تاخیر سنج ازدواج برای بررسی تاخیر در ازدواج بود. داده ها با استفاده آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیری و رگرسیون چندگانه به شیوه گام به گام مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که در دانشجویان دختر عوامل حقوقی و در دانشجویان پسر عوامل فرهنگی به طورمعناداری جزء عوامل تاخیر در ازدواج می باشند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که نوع سبک های دلبستگی افراد 1/5 درصد واریانس رغبت به ازدواج را تبیین می کند. به طورکلی نتایج پژوهش حاضر بیانگر آن است که افراد با با سبک دلبستگی ایمن، رغبت بیشتری برای ازدواج کردن دارند. از این رو تلاش در جهت آموزش پیشگیرانه به والدین برای ایجاد سبک دلبستگی ایمن در فرزندان و ارائه ی راهکارهایی به منظور اصلاح سبک دلبستگی جوانان همراه با سیاست گذاری  مسئولان این حوزه در جهت رفع موانع حقوقی و فرهنگی ازدواج جوانان، در افزایش رغبت به ازدواج و کاهش سن آن موثر خواهد بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison the Causes of Celibacy and Delay in Marriage among Male and Female Students, with Emphasis on their Attachment Styles

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sanaz Ekhlasi 1
  • Naser Sobhi Gharamaleki 2
  • Biuok Tajeri 3
1 MA, Department of Psychology, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Health Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The current study aimed to comparison the causes of celibacy and delay in marriage among male and female students, with emphasis on their attachment styles. The research design was descriptive with correlational and also ex post facto type. During the 2016-2017 academic years, 300 single students (150 Male- 150 Female) from state and Islamic Azad Universities were selected by cluster sampling and inclusion- exclusion criteria. The research tools were Marriage Interest questionnaire (Student Edition, Persaud), Adult Attachment Scale (AAC) and a researcher-made questionnaire. The data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), and stepwise multiple regression procedures. The results showed that legal factors in in female students and cultural factors in male students are the significant factors for delayed marriage and celibacy in students. Moreover, attachment styles can determine 5.1 % variance of students’ interest in marriage. Altogether, the results of this research indicate that students with secure attachment style have more tendency to marriage. Hence, training children with secure attachment style, improving the attachment style of young people, and remove the legal and cultural barriers of youth marriage could be increase the tendency to marriage.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Delayed Marriage
  • Tendency to Marriage
  • Attachment Styles
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