اثربخشی درمان فراشناختی بر وسواس-فکری عملی رابطه‌ای (ROCD) و اجتناب تجربه‌ای

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران.

3 استاد، گروه روانشناسی، واحد بیرجند، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بیرجند، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی درمان فراشناختی بر وسواس-فکری عملی رابطه‌ای (ROCD) و اجتناب تجربه‌ای بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف از نوع کاربردی و از لحاظ روش بر اساس طرح پژوهش و شیوه انجام، نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون (با یک گروه آزمایش و یک گروه کنترل و دوره پیگیری سه ماهه) بود. جامعه آماری به کار رفته در پژوهش حاضر شامل کلیه زنان متأهل مراجعه‌کننده به مراکز روان‌درمانی منطقه 10 تهران در سال 1401 بود و از بین این افراد با استفاده از شیوه نمونه‌گیری هدفمند تعداد 40 نفر انتخاب شده و به صورت تصادفی در یک گروه آزمایش (20 نفر) و یک گروه کنترل (20 نفر) گمارده شدند. سپس، روی گروه آزمایش بسته درمان فراشناختی ولز (2009) اجرا شد. به منظور گردآوری داده‌ها، ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسشنامه اجتناب تجربه‌ای بوند و همکاران (2007) و پرسشنامه وسواس فکری-عملی رابطه‌ای دورون و همکاران (2012) بود.  به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل آماری داده‌ها از تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بونفرونی و نسخه 26 نرم افزار SPSS استفاده شد. با توجه به مقدار F و سطح معناداری به دست آمده در متغیر اجتناب تجربه‌ای (29/6 = F و 001/0 = P) و وسواس فکری-عملی رابطه‌ای (45/6 = F و 001/0 = P) می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که متغیر مستقل (درمان فراشناختی) به شکل معناداری باعث تغییر در متغیرهای وابسته (اجتناب تجربه‌ای و وسواس فکری-عملی رابطه‌ای) شده است. بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که تغییرات ایجاد شده در متغیرهای وابسته ناشی از اجرای درمان فراشناختی بر گروه آزمایش بود. بر اساس یافته‌های به دست آمده می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که درمان فراشناختی بر اجتناب تجربه‌ای و وسواس فکری-عملی رابطه‌ای زنان متأهل مؤثر بود. از این رو، پیشنهاد می‌شود متخصصین از فنون این رویکرد در کار خود بهره‌مند شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effectiveness of Metacognitive Therapy on Relationship Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (ROCD) and Experiential Avoidance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholam Nabi Okati 1
  • Fatemeh Shahabizadeh 2
  • Seyyed Abdul Majid Bahreinian 3
1 PhD student, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.
2 Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.
3 Professor, Department of Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of metacognitive therapy on relationship obsessive-compulsive disorder (ROCD) and experiential avoidance. In terms of the purpose, the current research was of an applied type, and in terms of the method, based on the research design and method, it was a semi-experimental with a pre-test and post-test design (with an experimental group and a control group and a three-month follow-up period). The statistical population used in the present study included all married women who referred to the psychotherapy centers of the 10th district of Tehran in 2022. Among these people, 40 people were selected using the purposeful sampling method and randomly assigned to an experimental group (20 people) and a control group (20 people). Then, on the test group, the metacognitive therapy of Wells (2009) was implemented. In order to collect data, the research tools included the experiential avoidance questionnaire by Bond et al. (2007) and the relationship obsessive-compulsive questionnaire by Doron et al. (2012). In order to statistically analyze the data, analysis of variance with repeated measurements and Bonferroni's post hoc test and SPSS software version 26 were used. F value and significance level were obtained for the variable of experiential avoidance (F = 6.29 and P = 0.001) and relationship intellectual-practical obsession (F = 6.45 and P = 0.001). It can be concluded that the independent variable (metacognitive therapy) has significantly changed the dependent variables (experiential avoidance and relationship intellectual-practical obsession). Therefore, it can be concluded that the changes in the dependent variables were caused by the implementation of metacognitive therapy on the experimental group. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that metacognitive therapy was effective on experiential avoidance and relationship intellectual-practical obsession of married women. Therefore, it is suggested that experts benefit from the techniques of this approach in their work.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Metacognitive Therapy
  • Experiential Avoidance
  • Relationship Obsessive-Compulsive
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