پیشبینی سبک زندگی ارتقادهنده سلامت بر اساس عواطف مثبت و سرمایه روانشناختی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

2 دکتری تخصصی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد اسلامهشر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 دکتری تخصصی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران ،ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر پیشبینی بهزیستی ذهنی بر اساس کنترل عمل و سرسختی روانشناختی در نوجوانان بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش، پژوهشی توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل کلیه نوجوانان 12 تا 18 ساله بود در سال 1402 که به تمامی مراکز مشاوره و روان‌درمانی خصوصی در منطقه 9 شهر تهران مراجعه کرده بودند. از این رو، حجم نمونه پژوهش بر اساس دیدگاه کلاین (2016) 300 نفر تعیین شد. به منظور نمونه گیری با شیوه نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس با مراجعه یا ارسال فرم پرسشنامه به مراکز مربوطه نمونه آماری پژوهش انتخاب گردید. ابزار استفاده شده برای گردآوری اطلاعات شامل مقیاس سرسختی روانشناختی لنگ و همکاران (2004)، مقیاس کنترل عمل دیفندورف (2000) و مقیاس بهزیستی ذهنی ریف (2002) بود. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد سرسختی روانشناختی با ضریب بتای 15/0 و کنترل عمل با ضریب بتا 16/0 می‌توانند بهزیستی ذهنی آزمودنی‌ها را به صورت مثبت پیش بینی کنند (01/0> p). بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که می‌توان از طریق متغیرهای کنترل عمل و سرسختی روانشناختی بهزیستی ذهنی نوجوانان را پیش‌بینی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Health Promoting Lifestyle based on Positive Emotions and Psychological Capital

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Khorshidi Organi 1
  • Marziyeh Nazarinia 2
  • Mojgan Maher Naqsh 3
1 MA student, Department of Educational Sciences, Allameh Tabatabai University, Tehran, Iran.
2 PhD, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD, Department of Educational Sciences, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the current research was to predict health promoting lifestyle based on positive emotions and psychological capital. The current research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive and correlational in terms of method. The statistical population of the present study included all clients aged 20 to 30 in 2023 who had referred to private counseling and psychotherapy centers in District 3 of Tehran. Hence, the sample size of the research was determined to be 200 people based on Klein's (2016) view. For the purpose of sampling, the statistical sample of the research was selected using the targeted and available sampling method by referring or sending the questionnaire form to the relevant centers. The tools used to collect information included the positive and negative affect scale of Telgen and Watson (1985), the psychological capital scale of Luthans (2007) and the health-promoting lifestyle scale of Walker et al. (1995). Finally, the data obtained by completing the collected questionnaires were statistically analyzed using SPSS software and Pearson's correlation coefficient and multivariate regression. Among the independent variables, positive emotions with a beta coefficient of 0.19 and psychological capital with a beta coefficient of 0.18 can positively predict the health-promoting lifestyle of subjects (p>0.01). It also showed that positive emotions and psychological capital can predict 23.1% of health promoting lifestyle in the statistical sample of the research. Therefore, it can be concluded that it is possible to predict the health-promoting lifestyle of adolescents through the variables of psychological capital and positive emotions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Psychological Capital
  • Health Promoting Lifestyle
  • Positive Emotions
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