پیشبینی بهزیستی ذهنی بر اساس کنترل عمل و سرسختی روانشناختی در نوجوانان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، مازندران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه تکنولوژی آموزشی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر پیشبینی بهزیستی ذهنی بر اساس کنترل عمل و سرسختی روانشناختی در نوجوانان بود. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر روش، پژوهشی توصیفی و از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل کلیه نوجوانان 12 تا 18 ساله بود در سال 1402 که به تمامی مراکز مشاوره و روان‌درمانی خصوصی در منطقه 9 شهر تهران مراجعه کرده بودند. از این رو، حجم نمونه پژوهش بر اساس دیدگاه کلاین (2016) 300 نفر تعیین شد. به منظور نمونه گیری با شیوه نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و در دسترس با مراجعه یا ارسال فرم پرسشنامه به مراکز مربوطه نمونه آماری پژوهش انتخاب گردید. ابزار استفاده شده برای گردآوری اطلاعات شامل مقیاس سرسختی روانشناختی لنگ و همکاران (2004)، مقیاس کنترل عمل دیفندورف (2000) و مقیاس بهزیستی ذهنی ریف (2002) بود. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون نشان داد سرسختی روانشناختی با ضریب بتای 15/0 و کنترل عمل با ضریب بتا 16/0 می‌توانند بهزیستی ذهنی آزمودنی‌ها را به صورت مثبت پیش بینی کنند (01/0> p). بنابراین می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که می‌توان از طریق متغیرهای کنترل عمل و سرسختی روانشناختی بهزیستی ذهنی نوجوانان را پیش‌بینی نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Prediction of Mental Well-Being based on Action Control and Psychological Hardiness in Adolescents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zinat Hadiyan 1
  • Mohammad Fazli 1
  • Mohammad Reza Mohammadi 1
  • Mojtaba Rezaei Rad 2
1 PhD, Department of Educational Sciences, Farhangian University, Mazandaran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Technology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to predict mental well-being based on action control and psychological hardiness in teenagers. The current research was applied in terms of purpose and descriptive and correlational in terms of method. The statistical population of the present study included all teenagers aged 12 to 18 in 2023 who had visited all private counseling and psychotherapy centers in district 9 of Tehran. Hence, the sample size of the study was determined to be 300 people based on Kline (2016). For the purpose of sampling, the statistical sample of the research was selected using the targeted and available sampling method by referring or sending the questionnaire form to the relevant centers. The tools used to collect information included Lang et al.'s Psychological Hardiness Scale (2004), Diefendorf's Action Control Scale (2000), and Ryff's Mental Well-Being Scale (2002). The results of regression analysis showed that psychological hardiness with a beta coefficient of 0.15 and action control with a beta coefficient of 0.16 can positively predict the subjects' mental well-being (p>0.01). Therefore, it can be concluded that the mental well-being of adolescents can be predicted through action control variables and psychological hardiness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • action control
  • mental well-being
  • psychological hardiness
  • adolescents
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