مقایسه اثربخشی درمان شناختی- رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر مشکلات روانشناختی و بهزیستی روانشناختی در دانش آموزان دارای اختلال رفتاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، مؤسسه آموزش عالی غیردولتی مهر آستان، آستانه اشرفیه، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف مقایسه اثربخشی درمان شناختی- رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر مشکلات روانشناختی و بهزیستی روانشناختی در دانش آموزان دارای اختلال رفتاری صورت گرفت. این پژوهش به شیوه نیمه آزمایشی و با طرح پیش آزمون- پس آزمون با گروه گواه و پیگیری انجام شد. جامعه آماری شامل تمامی دانش آموزان پسر پایه دوازدهم آموزش و پرورش ناحیه 2 رشت در سال تحصیلی 1401-1400 به تعداد 452 نفر بود که از بین آن ها تعداد 45 نفر به  روش نمونه گیری هدفمند به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و به صورت تصادفی در سه گروه 15 نفری (15 نفر گروه درمان شناختی رفتاری، 15 نفر گروه درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد و 15 نفر گروه گواه) جایدهی شد. برای جمع آوری داده های مورد نیاز از پرسشنامه های اضطراب، افسردگی و استرس لاویبوند (1995) و بهزیستی روانشناختی کی یز و مارگیامو (2003) استفاده شد. داده ها با استفاده از روش های آماری واریانس با اندازه گیری مکرر و آزمون تعقیبی بنفرونی در سطح معناداری 05/0 و از طریق نرم افزار SPSS22 تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد درمان شناختی رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد بر کاهش مشکلات روان شناختی و افزایش بهزیستی روانشناختی دانش آموزان دارای اختلال رفتاری اثربخش بود (001/0>P). این نتایج در مرحله پیگیری حذف شد. همچنین بین درمان شناختی- رفتاری و درمان مبتنی بر پذیرش و تعهد تفاوتی وجود نداشت (001/0<P). با توجه به یافته های پژوهش نتیجه گیری می شود که می توان از مداخلات شناختی- رفتاری و نسل سوم آن در کاهش مشکلات روان شناختی و بهزیستی روانشناختی دانش آموزان دارای اختلال رفتاری به عنوان مداخلات مبتنی بر شواهد سود برد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparing the Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy and Therapy based on Acceptance and Commitment on Psychological Problems and Psychological Well-Being in Students with Behavioral Disorders

نویسندگان [English]

  • Soleiman Kabini Moghadam 1
  • Behrang Esmaeilishad 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Mehr Astan Non-Governmental Institute Higher Education, Astaneh-ye Ashrafiyeh, Iran.
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The present study was conducted with the aim of comparing the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy and therapy based on acceptance and commitment on psychological problems and psychological well-being in students with behavioral disorders. This research was conducted in a semi-experimental way with a pre-test-post-test design with control and follow-up groups. The statistical population included all 12th grade male students of Rasht District 2 in the academic year of 2021-2022 in the number of 452 people, out of which 45 people were selected as a sample using the purposeful sampling method and randomly placed in three groups of 15 people (15 people in the cognitive behavioral therapy group, 15 people in the treatment group based on acceptance and commitment and 15 people in the control group). To collect the required data, anxiety, depression and stress questionnaires of Lavibond (1995) and psychological well-being of Keyes and Margiamo (2003) were used. The data were analyzed using statistical methods of analysis of covariance and Benferroni's post hoc test at a significance level of 0.05 and through Spss22 software. The results showed that cognitive behavioral therapy and therapy based on acceptance and commitment were effective in reducing psychological problems and increasing psychological well-being of students with behavioral disorders (P<0.001). These results were removed in the follow-up phase. Also, there was no difference between cognitive-behavioral therapy and therapy based on acceptance and commitment (P<0.001). According to the research findings, it is concluded that cognitive-behavioral interventions and its third generation can be used to reduce psychological problems and psychological well-being of students with behavioral disorders as evidence-based interventions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
  • Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
  • Psychological Problems
  • Psychological Well-Being
  • Behavioral Disorder
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